Read e-book online A History of Greek Philosophy, Volume 3, Part 1: The PDF

By W. K. C. Guthrie

ISBN-10: 0521096669

ISBN-13: 9780521096669

The 3rd quantity of Professor Guthrie's nice background of Greek proposal, entitled The Fifth-Century Enlightenment, bargains in elements with the Sophists and Socrates, the most important figures within the dramatic and basic shift of philosophical curiosity from the actual universe to guy. every one of those elements is now on hand as a paperback with the textual content, bibliography and indexes amended the place invaluable in order that each one half is self-contained. The Sophists assesses the contribution of people like Protagoras, Gorgias and Hippias to the extreme highbrow and ethical fermant in fifth-century Athens. They puzzled the bases of morality, faith and arranged society itself and the character of information and language; they initiated a complete sequence of significant and carrying on with debates, and so they provoked Socrates and Plato to a massive restatement and defence of conventional values.

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Extra resources for A History of Greek Philosophy, Volume 3, Part 1: The Sophists

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493 a the Sophists are μισθαρνοϋντες Ιδιώται, w h i c h is also a fair description. ' T h e t w o methods are mentioned together in connexion w i t h Prodicus at Hipp. Maj. 282 c : πι6ιΙξιις ποιούμενος καΐ τοις νέοις συνών. K v r n if our authority is o f doubtful reliability for the actual fact, the author probably k n e w that such occurrences did take place. 1 4> What is a Sophist? of admission are mentioned more than once, as J , 2 and 4 drachmas for a performance by Prodicus (Axioch. 366c).

1246 ( a n d c f . the use o f σόφισμα and σοφί3εσθαι at 14 and 7 7 ) ; Eur. Bacch. 3 9 5 ; for σοφί^εσβαι Hes. Op. 649; T h e o g n i s 1 9 ; Eur. Bacch. 200. W i t h T h e o g n i s cf. S o l o n 1 . 5 2 , w h e r e σοφία is used o f poetry. W h e n Pericles finds the y o u n g Alcibiades's questions are getting a w k w a r d , he closes the dis­ cussion w i t h ' a t y o u r age w e t o o τοιαϋτα έσοφ^όμεθα' ( X e n . Mem. 1 . 2 . 4 6 ) . B . G l a d i g o w in Hermes, 1 9 6 7 , has collected examples o f the invidious sense o f σοφός in Euripides.

52) in saying that Plato is ' t h e man w h o b y his attacks o n the " S o p h i s t s " created the bad associations connected w i t h the w o r d ' . ) A fairer statement is H a v e l o c k ' s {Lib. Temper, i;8): ' T h e p l a y ­ w r i g h t s o f O l d C o m e d y played u p o n the prejudice [against intellectualism], if they indeed did not create it, and w h e n Plato uses the w o r d sophistes it has lost its dignity. ' In Timarch. 1 7 3 . It w a s in the same speech that Aeschines called D e m o s t h e n e s a sophist.

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A History of Greek Philosophy, Volume 3, Part 1: The Sophists by W. K. C. Guthrie


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